Language is a complex and ever-evolving phenomenon, but it is one that deeply defines us all. So, What Is This Thing Called Language? Illustrating how it is used in different ways and in varied contexts, this book offers a thought-provoking and entertaining guide through the mysteries of language. The new edition:– Explores the basics of the language systems of sounds, vocabulary and grammar– Explains a basic framework of linguistics and language analysis Examines the written and spoken word in a range of different languages– Uses intriguing anecdotes and interesting examples to unpack complex ideas– Offers study-friendly features, including reflective questions, further reading suggestions as well as glossaries of linguistic terminology and key linguistsWith new and expanded material on a range of topics, from language variation and culture to second language acquisition and bilingualism, this is an 'un-put-down-able' introduction for all students of language and linguistics.
Theorizing language choice and language shift among bar girls
This is an essential article to understand what is happening to language choice and language shift among bar girls in Thailand and it has much wider implications to inform the field of sociolinguistics/sociology of language. One of the most important questions asked and answered in this research is what are social meanings of language choice and language shift among bar girls in Thailand. The researcher, Hugo Yu-Hsiu Lee, has been a language educator for language minorities and minority languages.
Why is vocabulary important to second language writers? For Sandy, a Chinese undergraduate student writing in English, vocabulary is absolutely essential. She says, "Vocabulary is very important, if you not [sic] got numerous vocabulary when writing. I just think ‘how to' if I want to explain that word. What is the exactly word in English? How to say that? That is the important thing. Second thing is have I got the right word or not?" Why might second language writers avoid using particular words in their essay and report writing? What aspects of word knowledge are important for second language writers? What effect does background knowledge of a topic have on vocabulary use? Should teachers instruct students to use unknown or partially known words in their writing? What effect does vocabulary in a source text have on a student's use of words in writing? How might the views of English for Academic Purposes (EAP) teachers and students differ on reading and writing tasks? This book addresses these questions and discusses theoretical, methodological, and pedagogical implications of this research for EAP teachers, learners, and materials designers.
While researching language teaching aspects at primary level, some of the basic questions which arise are:How language is taught in the class rooms? If language is taught properly why student’s achievement is poor in this subject? What is the nature of activities offered for language teaching? Is classroom interaction carried out the way in which language should be taught? What kinds of techniques are adopted in classroom? Are teachers equipped with necessary skills required to teach language? Are the objectives of teaching language properly reflected in syllabus? What are the problems of teaching language? The authors of this book have researched the above issues found in language teaching at primary level.
Developing the Communicative Competence of Second-language Speakers
This work x-rays the place of literature in the development of the communicative competence of second language speakers. With the understanding that effective communication is the central thing in any second language situation, the work examines how best to achieve this. But the way the English language is taught at all the levels of education in Nigeria leaves a lot to be desired, and therefore does not hold a promise of actualising the very end of language teaching and learning, which is the development of learners’ communicative competence. If literature is the colour of its language, teaching any language without its literature is bleaching that language. Any teaching method that adopts this antiseptic learning of the target language may not achieve much as literature presents the best examples or manifestations of language use, and would serve as a veritable point of encounter with the language, or what Stephen Krashen calls ‘comprehensible input’ (87). The position of this work is that the divorce between ‘language’ and ‘literature’ in the educational curriculum is an anathema. This study was premised on the theoretical frame of communicative language teaching (CLT).
It appears that what makes moral language interesting are the ways in which it is different from the language of some other known discourses. In what way then is it being proposed that moral language is different? And why does this difference present certain problems for theories about meaning in moral language? It is being proposed that there exists a tension between the use of moral assertions and what sort of truth moral language is, in fact, capable of. And it is the primary claim of this thesis that, on account of the way in which we use moral language there is only one theory of meaning which can correctly capture our linguistic behaviour within moral discourse: a verificationist theory about meaning.
An Exploratory Study of Japanese EFL Teachers’ Kokoro
I, as a teacher researcher, would like to argue that the exploration of language teacher cognition is important for all language teachers to develop their professional teaching knowledge and skills. This book explores that Japanese non-native English-speaking EFL (English as a foreign language) teachers in secondary education, which is called JEFL teachers in this book, work in a different educational context from language teachers in other countries. Moreover, this study is also the exploration of my own teacher kokoro(???, ?), which is a Japanese term probably equivalent to teacher cognition in the Japanese context. Based on the present study, I hope I will upgrade the term 'language teacher cognition' to ‘language teacher kokoro’ in order to further see such complex aspects of the nature of language teacher cognition and to start language teacher kokoro research.
What does it mean to acquire a language? What is considered a 'second' language in multilingual settings? This practical and comprehensive guide provides an opportunity to consider these issues, providing easy access to concise definitions of key terms and concepts in the study of Second Language Acquisition.
Thing Explainer: Complicated Stuff in Simple Words
It's good to know what the parts of a thing are called, but it's much more interesting to know what they do. Richard Feynman once said that if you can't explain something to a first-year student, you don't really get it. In Thing Explainer, Randall Munroe takes a quantum leap past this: he explains things using only drawings and a vocabulary of just our 1,000 (or the ten hundred) most common words.Many of the things we use every day - like our food-heating radio boxes ('microwaves'), our very tall roads ('bridges'), and our computer rooms ('datacentres') - are strange to us. So are the other worlds around our sun (the solar system), the big flat rocks we live on (tectonic plates), and even the stuff inside us (cells). Where do these things come from? How do they work? What do they look like if you open them up? And what would happen if we heated them up, cooled them down, pointed them in a different direction, or pressed this button?In Thing Explainer, Munroe gives us the answers to these questions and many, many more. Funny, interesting, and always understandable, this book is for anyone - age 5 to 105 - who has ever wondered how things work, and why.
Suzannah Showler's bracing, intense second collection is equal parts cultural critique and phenomenological investigation. Building on the enlightened skepticism of her much-praised debut, Thing Is puts the hashtag age through some much-needed paces. Witty, cutting, heartbroken and cautiously hopeful, these poems are really about "aboutness," and what it means to be alive right now. They also nimbly advance the longstanding poetic argument for the value of considered attention: "What follows from / what you know is / not the same thing / as knowledge. Even / when you get it right."
What is legal language and where is it found? What does a forensic linguist do? How can linguistic skills help legal professionals?We are constantly surrounded by legal language, but sometimes it is almost impossible to understand. Providing extracts from real-life legal cases, this highly usable and accessible textbook brims with helpful examples and activities that will help you to navigate this area.Language and Law:• introduces useful linguistic concepts and tools • outlines the methods linguists employ to analyse legal language and language in legal situations• includes topics on such as: written legal language; threats, warnings and speech act theory; courtroom interactions and the work linguists do to help solve crimes; physical and 'spoken' signs; and the creativity of legal language
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